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Europe is creating military corridors to the east

Go to war faster. On January 30, Germany, the Netherlands, and Poland signed an agreement to move “Faster and more efficient” People and material from the deep water ports of the North Sea to the eastern border of Europe. “The large-scale war that has begun in Ukraine shows the importance of the rapid movement of allied troops”– Polish Defense Minister Władysław Kosniak-Kamisz justified while signing the text.

Since the end of the Cold War, the poor relationship between defense budgets, logistics has once again become a priority in the eyes of the members of the Atlantic alliance, and the Russian threat is becoming more and more precise. “The first awareness dates back to 2015, after the annexation of Crimea and Donbas, but it was accelerated by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in 2022.Isabelle Dufour, director of Eurocrisis Strategic Studies, claims.

In fact, the conflict in Ukraine has highlighted the West’s inhibition of “military mobility”. Regularly updated plans by Nato during the Cold War to allow the transit of important assets to Europe have become partly obsolete – they have not been revised since 1997 – while the fall of the Berlin Wall pushed back the border, which more than 1,000 had defended. kilometer, which today stretches from Tallinn (Estonia) to Chisinau (Moldova). “Continuations are now more important and roads are no longer known”summarizes MI from the oven.

Simplification and harmonization of standards

To catch up, the Allies began major infrastructure projects. On January 24, the European Commission announced new aid of 807 million euros to finance 38 “military mobility” projects, including the renewal of railway installations in ten EU countries. Thus, in France, the SNCF must receive 54.3 million to refurbish four yards for civil and military purposes, and 3.6 million to protect the Bordeaux, Metz and Grenoble stations. “Massive Power Outage”.

In addition to railway facilities, “The projects will improve the dual purpose infrastructure [civil et militaire] In seaports of Belgium and Sweden, airports of Latvia and Lithuania and inland waterways of France »The commission emphasizes. In total, Brussels plans to spend 1.7 billion euros between 2021 and 2027 to improve military transport infrastructure. A significant figure, but lower than planned at the start of the plan: in 2020 the need was estimated at 6.5 billion euros, but member states preferred to postpone most of the investments…

Source: Le Monde

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