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Abolition of land rights in Mayotte, a measure favored by the far right, with uncertain results

dA few weeks after the publication of the “immigration” law, which was considered before the censure of the Constitutional Council, questioning the right of nationality or even national preference, the executive branch chose to renew the debate around the Georgia law. soil. In Mayotte, on Sunday, February 11, the Minister of the Interior, GĂ©rald Darmanin, simply promised to eliminate it in this department of the Indian Ocean, through constitutional reform.

In early February, the minister had already expressed his desire to tighten the land law in Mayotte after a provision of the “immigration” law on the matter was censured by the Constitutional Council on 25 January. Added to the right of a senator, it provided that a child born in Mayotte would be required to prove that one of his two parents was of legal standing to become a Frenchman upon reaching his majority. “More than a year ago [sa] of birth “.

The measure tightened the unique exemption regime already established in 2018 by the Columbus Act, the first immigration law under Emmanuel Macron’s presidency. Since then, a child born on the archipelago must prove that one of his parents was in legal status at least three months before his birth to hope to become French when he arrives or by early declaration from the age of 13.

In the rest of France, the principle of the right to soil means that a child born in France to foreign parents automatically becomes French upon reaching the age of majority, or upon prior declaration if he or she has lived in the territory for five years. from the age of 11. In 2021, according to INSEE, approximately 35,000 people obtained French citizenship under this right.

Reducing the number of residence permits by 90%.

For Mr. Darmanin interviewed at Mayotte la 1dLand rights in Mayotte would be abolished “Great resolution [des] problems”. France’s poorest department suffers from a phenomenon of insecurity, unsanitary housing and the saturation of public services, especially health and education. Almost half of the population – more than 300,000 inhabitants – are foreigners, mostly from the neighboring Comoros Islands.

The goal of the Ministry of Internal Affairs Reducing the number of residence permits by 90%. According to the following hypothesis: if the children of foreign parents can no longer become French, then their parents will no longer be able to obtain a residence permit for the parent of a French child. So the interest of migrating to Mayotte will be zero for them. “Of the 4,000 residence permits issued annually, more than 3,600 are issued for family reasons, namely as ‘members of the French family'”Mr. Darmanin’s entourage claims.

Source: Le Monde



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