Social pressure for answers in neuroscience has led several researchers to publish papers without scientific evidence, i.e. false. Whether it is to reaffirm their theses or simply to compile their resumes, these documents circulate as if they were true and, worse still, are published in scientific journals and journals.
A program designed to detect these fake articles has found that most are escaping peer review. In science, this review is based on evaluating an academic work based on another study in the same or similar field.
The study itself that aims to prove the fake article case was published as a preprint article and is still awaiting its own peer review. If the results are approved, it will be a major concern in the neuroscience scene. Understand how the program works:
Expanding this thesis globally, if the technology were applied to all 1.3 million biomedical articles published in 2020, more than 300,000 would have been flagged with a warning sign. Importantly, not all reported articles are necessarily fake, but the high probabilities of plagiarized or suspicious articles should be better investigated before approval.
Out of every 100 documents marked with this trait, about 63 were actually fakes and 37 were real. “It’s very hard to believe,” said Bernhard Sabel, a neuropsychologist at the Otto-von-Guericke University of Magdeburg in Germany.
Since the issue is still perceived as small (about 1 in 10,000 publications), publishers and scientific societies are just starting to adjust editorial, peer review and publication procedures.
The researchers involved
The cost of each fake item can range from US$1,000 (roughly R$5,000) to US$25,000 (R$124,975). These items usually aren’t that good, but they’re high enough quality to be approved and socially circulated as if they were real.
With information from ScienceAlert
The post About 30% of neuroscience articles may be false; Understanding first appeared on Olhar Digital.
Source: Olhar Digital